What is the pelvic floor?

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles forming the base or floor of the pelvis.

The pelvic floor muscles stretch like a trampoline or hammock from the pubic bone (at the front) to the coccyx or tail-bone (at the back) and to either side.

The pelvic floor muscles, along with your deep abdominal, back muscles and diaphragm, make up what is commonly referred to as your ‘core’. The group works to stabilise and support your spine.

They also help control the pressure inside your abdomen to deal with the pushing down force when you lift or strain - such as during exercise.

The pelvic floor supports the bladder and bowel in both men and women, as well as the reproductive organs.

When working well, the pelvic floor muscles should automatically react to help control your bladder and bowel. They also play an important role in sexual sensation and function.

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